PRESS OF UZBEKISTAN
June 29, 2016
OCCUPATIONS IN DEMAND
Educational institutions have responded to labor market needs, as suggested by preparatory works for summer. Administrations of education institutions have made their best to balance admission quotas and real needs in specialists in the context of vocations with an eye to the needs in staff.
The ninth-grade graduates are the most crucial point. Like last year, they will continue study in vocational colleges and academic lyceums. The main difference of these institutions from schools is that after three years of study each graduate gets demanded vocation in the labor market.
Over 476,000 people have graduated from the ninth grade this year. They are to choose among 144 academic lyceums and 1,412 vocational colleges. Like in previous years, students were interviewed on the choice of future specialty and vocation throughout the school year. The results are as follows: 42,870 (9%) wish to continue their education in academic lyceums, 433,738 (91%) - in vocational colleges. According to experts, this is the normal ratio. To date, academic lyceums can take up to 10% of ninth graders.
Schools have carried out a scaled work on vocational guidance, thereby ensuring that everyone gets a profession in line with his or her capabilities and preferences. In this regard, the ninth graders were advised by class mentors, school psychologists and occupational guidance specialists. School students were offered excursions to enterprises, colleges, lyceums, and parents were informed on how important it is for children to choose their profession by themselves.
The number of graduates of secondary specialized vocational institutions willing to enter a higher education institution has been growing from year to year. For example, over 600,000 students applied for universities last year, which is 11% more than in 2014. Experts predict that last year\'s record will be beaten: they expect an average of 10 percent increase in the number of students this year, despite the fact that the total admission quota has remained unchanged – 57,907 people. Reception of applications started at universities on Monday. However, the bulk of entrants are expected in ten days, after lyceum and college graduates get their diplomas.
With an eye to the future
The leading analysts forecast the further development of industry and services in Uzbekistan, which has determined the trends of major changes in admission quotas in secondary special and vocational institutions and at universities.
Every year, the Government approves a resolution on reorientation of vocational colleges following the analysis of the actual demand for college graduates of specific vocations. This year, it has covered 22 colleges.
Fundamental changes have taken place in 15 educationinstitutions, as they have completely changed their profile. Previously, they trained mostly educators and economists, and now they are focused on training staff for the construction industry, mainly light industry and service sector.
The other colleges will expand the specialty range. For example, the Agriculture College in the Marhamat district of Andijan region has been reoriented into Agriculture and Services College, and the Pedagogical College in Shafirkan district of Bukhara region has been transformed into Pedagogical and Service College.
Only two colleges have undergone the changes that are not related to the needs of industries and services in staff. For instance, in Shakhrisabz, which claims to be called a tourism gem of Uzbekistan, the Pedagogical College was transformed into the Pedagogical and Tourism College. It will train specialists for hotel and restaurant business, tourism operators. The Pedagogical College in Bekobod of Tashkent region was reoriented into Service and Information College.
Higher education system has been expanding technical training as well. About 37% of first-year students will learn technical sciences this year. Major news are related to the main technical university - Tashkent State Technical University. The new structure has closed the Aviation Department as a result of transformation of the Tashkent Aviation Association into Tashkent Mechanical Plant. The Management Department was closed to focus the university on training of technical staff. The Oil and Gas Department was closed as well: from now and on, specialists will be trained at the Tashkent branch of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.
Meanwhile, the main higher technical education institution has opened two new departments: Engineering Systems Department and Engineering Physics Department. Staff is now trained in eight new subject areas, the introduction of which reflects the development of leading enterprises in economy sectors. For instance, as of the new academic year, the Tashkent State Technical University (TSTU) offers its entrants undergraduate courses on Foundry Technologies, Power Machine Building (by industry), Mechatronics and Robotics, Smart Engineering Systems, Technologies of Production of Electronic Equipment, Laser Technologies and Optoelectronics.
The country has been actively using renewable energy sources. Therefore, TSTU and Karshi Engineering and Economy Institute will train specialists in Alternative Energy Sources.
The future graduates of universities of new formation are expected to bring the development of national healthcare to a drastically new level. In the current year, TSTU is launching staff training in Biomedical Engineering, which will specialize in the development and production of new medical equipment.
Other technical universities of the country have opened new subject areas too. Two new areas are being opened at the Tashkent Architecture and Construction Institute, which is entailed by the need for modernization and development of public utility services. TACI will train specialists in Design and Operation of Water Supply and Sewerage Systems and ‘Organization and Management of Housing and Communal Services and Municipal Infrastructure.
Soon, Uzbekistan will start producing car tires. The development of the production of various rubber products has been in progress. Tashkent Institute of Chemical Technologies is launching the Department for Rubber Production Technologies.
Changes have taken place in many higher education institutions. For example, the Physics Department of the National University of Uzbekistan was provided with a building of reorganized Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences, which is likely to create the optimal conditions for training of qualified staff. The Tashkent State Agrarian University (TSAU) and its Nukus branch, as well as Andijan Agricultural Institute will start teaching students the Technologies of Cultivation and Processing of Medicinal Plants and Forestry and Forest Reclamation. The main agricultural university - TGAU - launches training on Ornamental Plants and Landscaping. The Tashkent Medical Academy is opening a Medical and Biological Business Department for the development of environmental medicine in Uzbekistan.
The ‘heart’ of language
The establishment of the Tashkent State University of Uzbek Language has entailed large-scale transformations in staff training in humanitarian and pedagogical areas of education. It is expected to be the head the university in training Uzbek language teachers. It is based on the departments of Uzbek Philology of the National University and Uzbek Language and Literature at the Tashkent State Pedagogical University, Language and Literature Institute of the Academy of Sciences, and the National Museum of Literature.
The newly established university will comprise three departments: Uzbek philology, teaching of Uzbek language and literature, and Uzbek-English translation. It will also incorporate the Research Institute of the Uzbek Language and Literature on the basis of the Institute of Language and Literature, and the Uzbek Language and Literature Museum, which will be reorganized into the National Museum of Literature.
The teaching of translators will be of particular imprtance. It so happened that the focus in language education is Uzbekistan was mainly laid on training Russian - Uzbek specialists. The new university will attach importance to the training of the staff that speaks other languages, mainly English.
The university also promises to become the basic higher education institution in terms of training philologists and teaching staff, conducting research projects, advanced training, development of research and educational guidelines on the Uzbek language and literature.
The Alisher Navoi Tashkent State University of Uzbek Language and Literature was assigned for teaching highly skilled research and pedagogical staff that meet the requirements of the time, know well the specifics, scientific, theoretical, philosophical and aesthetic foundations of the Uzbek language and literature, experienced in modern educational technologies.
The university will also train the translators capable of making high level translations of scientific, fiction and other literature from Uzbek into English and other languages, as well as translation from world languages into the native language. The education of students in the spirit of love and devotion to the Motherland, national and universal values, with broad outlook and independent thinking will be the most important mission of the university.
It will also be engaged in research on new and effective methods of teaching the Uzbek language and literature, introduction of advanced educational technologies in secondary schools, academic lyceums and vocational colleges, and higher educational institutions.
At best standards
Branches of foreign universities have long been an integral part of higher education system in Uzbekistan. They have been addressing relevant problems of training specialists at the international level. At the same time, they have been developing the staff training system focusing on the needs of the local labor market.
The Inha University in Tashkent that specializes in information and communication technologies, has launched the logistics department.
The logistics learning program of Inha University ranks among the top three related educational programs in Korea. The new department was opened in view of the attention of the Government of Uzbekistan to the development of transport and logistics, as well as high demand for specialists in this field. Graduates will learn the technologies of logistics management, ranging from establishment to the operational activities of logistics companies. The curriculum will be based on professional modules like international logistics, supply chain management, freight management, air and rail transportation management, reengineering of business processes, planning and resource management, and others.
The knowledge will enable graduates to not just work in big international and local companies, but open their own start-ups in the field. To date, Inha University in Tashkent has developed a list of compulsory courses and elective courses, which is posted on its website.
The Turin Polytechnic University in Tashkent has increased admission quota for the first time since its foundation. This year it is 350 people, or 100 people more than in the previous year. It is scheduled to take 200 students to Mechanical Engineering, 100 students for Information Technologies and ACS in the Industry, and 25 people to Energy and Industrial and Civil Engineering and Architecture respectively.
The Tashkent branch of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas has been expanding in line with the reorganization of metropolitan universities. The institute is going to turn into the country’s major center for staff training for oil and gas industry. The branch has been provided with additional buildings as additional amenities for students.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)