August 7, 2008
Healthy Generation – Strength and Power of the Nation
Uzbekistan, from the first days of independence embarking on the course to build democratic state and mature civil society, in all processes of reforming gradually follows the strategy “all for the sake of human, all for the sake of its future”. In the nation’s Constitution the human, its rights and interests are raised to a rank of supreme values. The legislative and normative documents that envisage provision for human interests are also implemented.

Among the most urgent in this regard, in particular, are the family code and governmental resolutions on measures to provide for implementation of family interests, the state program for reforming the healthcare, and number of other documents that are successfully being implemented in the country for over the span of almost ten years. They pursue the main goal – to ensure the family well being and bring up the healthy generation.

As a result of implementing purposeful reforms in the sphere of healthcare in the country the primary link of health service was gradually transformed into family polyclinics. Proceeding from the number of population at local levels, many of the family polyclinics have their branches – the medical stations that are placed in the newly constructed buildings with all necessary modern medical equipment.

For over the years of independence the system of medical servicing at stationeries was fully reconsidered. The special networks of hospitals for rendering free emergency high quality medical aid to population were launched that meet the highest requirements. The Republican Center of Emergency Medical Aid in Tashkent administers and coordinates their activity. The specialized clinics supplied with high-technology medical equipment where the skilled specialists undertake unique operations saving the lives of people are operating in Uzbekistan.

To raise the efficiency of medical servicing of women Uzbekistan introduced to healthcare the modern principles of perinatal aid recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). The structure of maternity hospitals was fundamentally reorganized.

2018 individual maternity rooms are functioning. The hospitals practice the childbirth with presence of spouses, modern principles of resuscitating newborns, care about healthy and sick child, joint stay of mother and child, as well as the principle of successful breast-feeding. It is difficult to overestimate the role and significance of the network of screening centers that carry out the systematic control over health of mothers-to-be and birth of healthy children.

The Family Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan envisages the recommendation for young men and women who are going to marry to go through medical examination. Thus, in line with the governmental resolution, starting 2004 the procedure of compulsory medical examination of young men and women who are going to marry was introduced. For over the past years about 1.4 million young men and women, who decided to establish family, went through medical examination. Jointly with medical and patronage aid services, including Soglom avlod uchun Fund, the country carries out constant medical examination of population at the local levels, in particular, of women and children. Specialists of primary link carry out annual examination of fertile-age women. By the way, five years ago their number made up 6.2 million, in 2007 it accounted for almost seven million. Yet several years ago the doctors unveiled various deceases such as anemia, ñardiovascular, deceases of kidney, organs of digestion, endocrine system on 77 percent of women of childbearing age who went through clinical examination.

Taking into account the sickness level all of them went through necessary ambulatory or stationary treatment. Specialists carry out constant prophylaxis on separate types of deceases. Thus, during past years alone the risk group among fertile-age women decreased to 10 percent. From 2005 the National program for preventing anemia both of women and children has been working in Uzbekistan. The Program aims at replenishing the human organism with necessary minerals and vitamins by way of enriching flour with vitamins and minerals. At the moment, all flour-grinding companies of Uzbekistan carry out necessary fortification work during processing and producing the wheat goods.

The perinatal centers jointly with patronage centers and several other public organizations introduce the system of continuous supply of iodine medicines of pregnant mothers, children and teenagers.

Other important problem that affects the endocrine deceases is ecology. Taking into account the seriousness of its affect to the endocrine deceases the Law “On preventing iodine deficiency deceases” was adopted in Uzbekistan in 2007.

For over several years the International ECOSAN organization and the State Joint-Stock Railway Company of Uzbekistan are implementing the Health train joint project that aim to render mobile aid to socially vulnerable layers of population in various regions of the country, educational, medical and other social facilities, pupils from the less well-off families, lone young women who care after children, as well as disabled. This project acquires a particular urgency in the scope of accomplishment of tasks set for 2008, the Year of Youth in Uzbekistan. Depending on season the humanitarian goods include the winter or summer clothes, shoes, bedclothes, sanitary and hygiene goods. One of the last destinations of this project was the region adjacent to Aral.

Starting 2002 the government has been implementing the program aimed at raising medical culture of population, enhancing awareness in protection of reproductive health, mother and child health, and shaping healthy lifestyle. A 16-hour study program of special optional course “Foundations of healthy lifestyle and family” was worked out and introduced for attendees of schools, secondary special and higher educational institutions. It became a tradition to hold annual seminars for mass media on reproductive health and shaping the healthy lifestyle. As a whole, these efforts are the joint work of ministries of health, higher and secondary special education, public education and other public establishments.

It is a big happiness for every mother to give birth to a healthy child. In this context, it is important to note an enormous care about young generation on the part of the government, and directly by the leadership of the country. For over the years of independence about 30 laws related to social support were adopted. Budget assignments to social sphere, including healthcare are increasing on average five percent per year. In 2007 they made up 55 percent of total budget expenses. Such increase is taking place this year, as well. From these means alone about nine percent or almost 450 billion soums are channeled to rendering social aid to families with many children.

In 2006-2007 the Ministry of Health of Uzbekistan jointly with the UNICEF held nationwide vaccination against measles and rubella of 8.1 million people at the age of 11 to 29. For such purposes the project initiators spent 7.5 million dollars. As a result of introducing the new perinatal technologies the number of pathologic births has sharply decreased. Indicator of childbirths with inborn anomalies has intensively decreased to 14 percent, baby mortality – to 22 percent, maternal mortality – to 26 percent. Each year nine million children and half a million mothers pass away worldwide. This indicator is going down in Uzbekistan year-to-year.

The reforms now underway in the country in all spheres of public life, in particular, in the area of health, protection of maternity and childhood, are aimed at bringing up the healthy and harmonically mature forthcoming generation – a decisive force of tomorrow.


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