November 3, 2006
The President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov attended the celebration held on the occasion of the 1,000th anniversary of the Academy of Mamun in the city of Khiva.

The idea of restoration of the Mamum\'s Academy in Khorezm was proposed by President Karimov during the celebration of the 2,500th anniversary of the city of Khiva. According the Decree \"On restoration of the Academy of Mamun in Khorezm region\" was issued on 11 November 1997.

The history of the Academy dates back to the late 10th ? early 11th century, when the region observed political stability, economic and social development. During the reign of Abul Abbos Mamun ibn-Mamun, special attention was given to scientific progress. The ancient sources tell that a large group of scientists was gathered in Mamun\'s palace. Their main areas of work were astronomy, mathematics, medicine, chemistry, geography, mineralogy, history, philosophy, languages, literature, etc.

President Karimov arrived in Khorezm for the special celebration on 2 November. He started his visit in the region from the new Urgench branch of the Republican Specialised Urological Centre. It was noted that the deep reforms in the system of healthcare being implemented in the country were starting to produce positive results.

The President also familiarized himself with the project on reconstruction of the Urgench City Centre.

\"I am glad to see that, like in all other parts of the country, large-scale construction and development works are taking place in Urgench,\" the President said. \"Memorial complex of Jaloliddin Manguberdi, and Avesta Complex have made the city even more beautiful. Urgench is becoming more and more attractive. However, the centre of the city and the main square need to be reconstructed.\"

President Karimov provided his recommendations on the construction of the new square in the city.

A special ceremony was organised in celebration of the 1,000th anniversary of the Academy in front of its main building.

President Karimov delivered a speech congratulating the participants of the event, the citizens of Khorezm, and all people of Uzbekistan on the 1,000th anniversary of the Academy of Mamun.

UNESCO Resident Representative for Uzbekistan and Regional Cultural Advisor Michael Barry Lane, speaking on behalf of the organisation\'s Director-General Koichiro Matsuura, congratulated the people of Uzbekistan and gave a very high importance to the ancient cradle of learning ? the Academy of Mamun, for the world civilization.

Participants of the ceremony spoke about the large research works into the priceless heritage of the great ancestors of Uzbekistan, and the importance of bringing up the young generation with the sense of responsibility and willingness to carry on their business, recover national values, study rich history and develop science, and expressed their appreciation for the care shown to them by the Uzbek administration.

The day before the celebration, the Academy received modern equipment, and several scientific laboratories were equipped. In particular, a chromatograph was installed at the laboratory of physics and chemistry. The machine allows to study physical and chemical properties of soil, water and plants, and identify their micro- and macro-elements, such as pesticides, herbicides, etc.

Unique appliances were also installed at the new DNA-laboratory. The equipment allows to determine genetic and physical qualities of the physiological materials, including the diagnostics of diseases in plants, animals and people, analysis, and provision of recommendations on the agricultural development.

The solution of tasks set for the Academy is substantially aided by the establishment of close relations with different scientific-research centres of the world. Thus, scientific relations have been established with Sorbonne University (France) and Kyonhi University (South Korea) in the fields of history, archaeology, ethnography, and bio-technology. Cooperation is developed with the French National Library in the studies of ancient and rare manuscripts.

The anniversaries of many great figures in the history of Uzbekistan and ancient cities are conducted in cooperation with UNESCO. The 1,000th anniversary of the Academy of Mamun is also conducted under the aegis of this organization. Thanks to the common efforts to preserve the material and cultural values ? the pearls of human thoughts, to study ancient resources and to preserve them for future generations, new and new horizons in the history of the Uzbek land are discovered.


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