NEWS AND EVENTS
April 29, 2015
Court, NIMFOGO, NANGOUz, the Chamber of Advocates and other organizations.
The Rule of Law as a Priority of Democratic Reforms
The \'Contemporary forms, methods and mechanisms of ensuring the rule of law: the experience of Uzbekistan and foreign practices\' event was held for two days in Tashkent. It was organized by an international non-governmental organization \'Regional Dialogue\' in cooperation with the General Prosecutor\'s Office and the Ministry of Justice.
It was attended by renowned international experts - a judge of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts (USA) Robert Cordy, and international expert in the field of rule of law Drago Kos (Slovenia), as well as representatives of national ministries and departments, the Supreme
The forum noted that Uzbekistan has taken the necessary measures to combat crime. It is the object of attention from the state, and in order to prevent crime, a full complex of long-term measures has been undertaken. The legal framework in this area has been established and is constantly being improved. Its goal is the absolute rule of law and the guaranteed protection of citizens\' rights.
Great importance in the country is given to prevent offenses. In order to further improve this area, the Law \'On prevention of offenses\' was approved in May 2014. It contains rules that define common approach to crime prevention, strengthening legal cooperation mechanisms between various governmental bodies and institutions. It is aimed at the implementation of priorities in the reform of the judicial system, and the improvement of the legal mechanisms to ensure public safety and public order. It also focuses on the protection of the rights and interests of citizens against abuse and ultimately to further improvement of efficiency and effectiveness of crime prevention.
The law provides the basic principles of crime prevention, bodies and agencies engaged and involved in this work, their powers and authority, ability to guarantee the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the parties in its implementation. The crime rate in the country has significantly reduced as a result of providing such guarantees in practice.
The national system of crime prevention is also drawing the attention of the international community. As announced last year in an independent international organization The World Justice Project Index the rule of law of Uzbekistan ranked third in the world in terms of law enforcement and security.
It was noted at the event that in the fight against crime economic measures are also relevant. The logic of this struggle requires further progress towards liberalization of economic relations, and ensuring genuine freedom for honest businesses, in addition to the eliminate of numerous bureaucratic delays and barriers.
Much has been done for the purpose of democratization and liberalization of the judicial system, increasing the authority of the court, and non-interference in its activities. For example, since 2008, the \'Habeas Corpus\' institute is being implemented in our republic, i.e. a court order of detention, just like in other developed democracies.
The selection and placement of human resources in this sector is being developed. For example, a systematic certification process of compliance of law enforcement officials with the high demands made on them is being put in place.
Special inspections that conduct certification training, monitor compliance with purity of their ranks have been setup at the prosecutor\'s office, the police, tax and customs departments.
The development of parliamentary and public control has been promoted to the constitutional rank. As a result, the role of representative bodies in both the center and in the field which monitor the implementation of laws and regulations that are accepted in the country has increased. The level of public control over the actions of governmental bodies, including law enforcement agencies is increasing.
At the seminar, a lot of attention was paid to the issue of NGO involvement in the fight against crime. In this context, great importance is given to the Law \'On social partnership\', which provides for cooperation between government agencies and NGOs in various fields, including crime prevention, improvement of legal knowledge and legal culture.
The legal education of the population, especially the youth and adolescents has been raised in the country in recent years to a new level.
The main task is to train them into law-abiding citizens. The public, and law enforcement agencies, and educational institutions are dealing with this issue. Basic principles, forms and mechanisms of work in this area are regulated by the Law \'On prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency.\'
The role of Mass media has also been highlighted in the fight against crime. A report on national experiences in this direction was made by the representative of NAEMM which emphasized the role adopted by the 2014 Law \'On the openness of the government and management\', which created the necessary organizational and legal conditions to ensure transparency and accountability of government structures, and increased the value of the media as the most important institution of social control.
International experts shared the experience of developed countries to preventing malfeasance, developing inter-agency cooperation in this field, the importance of media coverage of this work, and showed how to raise legal awareness among civil servants in Europe.
After the completion of the event, guests shared their impressions.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)