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NEWS AND EVENTS
October 26, 2005
Campaign against AIDS presented in Tashkent
Presentation of global campaign ?Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS? was held in Tashkent today.

Representatives of the government of Uzbekistan, NGOs, UN agencies and other international organizations as well as young people and mass media took part in the event.

Reza Hossaini, UNICEF Uzbekistan Representative, said in interview to UzReport.com that the campaign focuses on problems of children infected with AIDS. ?Million people are affected with AIDS and we should not forget about HIV-infected children,? he said.

More than 95 % of children living with HIV do not have access to life-prolonging medical treatment and only a small minority of the children who have been orphaned or made vulnerable by AIDS receive public support, UNICEF and UNAIDS said on 25 October 2005, launching a major global campaign \"Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS\".

The campaign at the national level is mostly focused on prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people in the country. It aims to reduce primary infections among children and young people. Also certain activities will be carried out in order to scale up interventions to prevent mother-to-child-transmission, make pediatric AIDS drags available to children, and provide care, support and protection for children and young people affected by HIV/AIDS.

Nasirdjan Djuraev, head of National AIDS Centre, said that the first incident of HIV was registered in Uzbekistan in 1987. There has been a sharp increase in the number of new HIV positive cases in the past few years from 153 registered in 2000 to 2,016 cases in 2004. At present accumulative number of registered HIV/AIDS cases in Uzbekistan is about 5,600.

In general 75% of HIV cases during the last two years were connected with the consumption of injection drugs. 56% of HIV infected people are young people in the age from 15 to 30, he said. There is an evidence of increasing trend of sexual and mother to child transmission in the last few years.

The first case of HIV positive pregnant women was registered in Namangan city of Uzbekistan in 1999 and by the end of 2004 totally 69 HIV positive pregnant women were registered, including 13 new cases in 2004. One of ways of infection is the transfer through blood. To date, some 126 cases of HIV have been registered among donors.


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