NEWS AND EVENTS
January 27, 2014
Secrets of Uzbek Skullcap
Becoming an integral part of the national costume, skullcap came into life and traditions of the Uzbek people.
Round or peaked cap with embroidered or woven patterns decorates both silver hair of old men, and the top of the newborn. Historically, it came out of a pointed shape skullcap worn under the turban.
Friendliness of ordinary people to this small cap is reflected in the folk wisdom: “Nobody to talk to - turn to skullcap.\"
It is made of two or more layers of fabric, and the finished product is embroidered with silk thread, gold or silver cantle. On the basis of the person to whom it is intended, - man or woman, child or eider, it is chosen a fabric, shape, pattern and ornament For men skullcaps are chosen satin or velvet. Women skullcaps are made of silk, velvet and brocade. From this headwear will not be against even the most devoted fashionista.
According to the manufacturing technique it can determined where a skullcap is made - in Tashkent, Samarqand and Bukhoro. The most common ornament is considered a pepper, symbolizing purity and detachment from all earthly things. Birds represent the highest wisdom, while rose branch represents peace and beauty.
The Chust skullcaps of Farghona Valley called duppi enjoy great popularity among men. On the black background four white pepper pods are embroidered – “qalampir.” According to legend, four flowers at the top of skullcap protect the health of the owner, and sixteen arches embroidered on the edge of the duppi mean the wish of a large and happy family. There are other kinds of skullcaps - the Samarqand \'piltaduzi\', the Urgut \'qalpoq\', the Shahrisabz \'gilam duppi\', and others.
Bukhoro gold embroidery cap differs for its distinctiveness. It could be round or four-sided with vegetable or geometric ornament, with fringe and ornate tassels, and gold embroidery makes it bright and grandeur.
Today, Uzbekistan skullcaps are quite popular worldwide. Made by skilful hands of masters, they decorate expositions of many museums.
The best and most complete collections are stored in Tashkent in the State Museum of History, and in the museums of arts and crafts. Tourists from around the world come to Uzbekistan tending to buy it as an unusual souvenir.
(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)