NEWS AND EVENTS
January 24, 2014
Demand for Good Roads
Transport infrastructure, being based on motorways, is one of key pillars of modern economic system. It is especially relevant for Uzbekistan with its 85 % of freight and more than 95% of passenger traffic.
Modern roads are not just a way from point ‘A’ to point ‘B’, but the whole range of technologies and solutions, providing drivers with quality and safety. The requirements for them are constantly growing: the coating must withstand heavy loads, different temperature conditions, be undemanding to precipitation, and optimally reliable. Besides, road construction is not limited by the road bed, traffic signs, road interchanges, bridges and other related components of this process.
Today roads undergo integrated development with all the necessary infrastructure: filling stations, hotels, campsites, parking, public service facilities.
In this context, Uzbekistan ranks among the region’s leaders. In the first nine months of 2013 the construction and reconstruction of the Uzbek national highway drew 633.4 billion soums (Currency rates of CB from 24.01.2014 1$=2203.39 soums), of which 537.8 billion soums was the share of the Republican Road Fund, and 95.6 billion soums - foreign loans. Overall builders constructed and reconstructed 318 kilometers of roads, including the important routes like Tashkent-Osh (15 km), Guzar- Bukhoro-Nukus -Beyneu (130 km), and a new direction of Tashkent bypass (8 km).
Experts note that the better the country’s roads, the more efficient and competitive the real sector is, the production of which depends on transport costs. Modern economy is built on cooperation: one company can manufacture goods at Navoi FIEZ, get raw materials from Karakalpakstan, and deliver the finished articles to Tashkent, CIS countries and Europe. Under these conditions, the better the transport component, the cheaper the final product is. Therefore, Uzbekistan has been assigning a big part to the upgrade of the road network. 4,500 km of roads of international and national importance have been completely reconstructed over the years of independence . 176 bridges, 20 viaducts and road junctions complexes with a total length of 4,638 linear meters were built and repaired.
On the other hand, the progress would not be feasible without drastic logistical and intellectual changes. Over the past years, the road construction machinery fleet has been completely upgraded both in technology and equipment by leading manufacturers. Meanwhile, hardware is always just a bulk of metal without human power. Young and qualified staff was trained and engaged in shorts terms.
Construction of new asphalt and concrete-coated roads, as well as reconstruction of existing roads in line with current standards is the main trend at the present stage of road construction. Unlike conventional asphalt such coatings are capable to withstand bigger loads, which is especially important for the extreme continental climate of Uzbekistan. Previously, it often happened that asphalt of domestic roads concertinaed from the heat after heavy trucks passed. Presently this problem has been avoided due to the introduction of new technologies. Moreover, new coatings are smoother and simple in maintenance. In general, in 2011-2015 it is planned to build 1,410 km of four-lane highways, of which 474 km of cement concrete coating, 648 km - with asphalt concrete coating, and another 288 km will be two-lane asphalt- coated roads.
(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)