NEWS AND EVENTS
June 25, 2013
Carpet weaving in Uzbekistan is known since the time immemorial, and the carpet types and their patterns are diverse like nowhere in the world. Carpet weaving began when women had learnt to spin woolen thread. the yarn is made using the best wool of plain land\'s sheep after spring season\'s shearing. Long fiber rugs (Djulkhirs) looking like bear skin are manufactured in nurata, djizak, and andizhan. Thread count of such carpets is not great but their surface is soft and fluffy, and the antique ornament speaks about their ancient origin. the central spot of the carpet is often decorated with longitudinal stripes which are woven with repetitive patterns, while the edging pattern in a form of chain of rhombs and triangles emphasizes the geometrical precision of the drawing.
Factory-made or household proČduction yarn died by the weavers themselves is used for the manufac-ture of napless woven woolen carpets, called palaces. More often than not the palaces are woven of cotton threads. The weaving techniques of the palČace are extremely diversified. Their smooth surface is made by interweavČing the warp with filling thread. The palaces from different parts of the reČpublic vary with their texture, pattern and color gamut. Palaces from Sur-khandarya are made employing the complicated technique called Gajary and Terma with geometrical pattern on the double-colored warp. The palČaces from Kashkadarya called Arabi are woven employing the so-called interspacing technique which had beČcome known here following the ArabiČan conquest of the Central Asia. Their expressive large pattern is formed by the use of antithesis between the colored and white spots. Wedding palaces (Beshkashta) from Zaamin are especially elegant. Multi-colored and slightly repousse pattern of palaces is created by the warp threads which enlace the thick weft; they overtop the background surface thus producing the impression of embroidery.
But the truly undying fame of the Uzbek carpets has been won by the tufted carpets called Gilam. While stable in its evolution, the carpet weaving in Uzbekistan, nevertheless preserves the regional peculiarities and the local diversity in styles. Thus, the carpets from Bukhara are distinguished for the wide array of red hues. The SamarČkand rugs are woven with a severe and expressive decoration of the red, black and blue gamut. Their central field is divided by large oblique lozenges with uniform medallions with the so-called shield ornament. Carpets with red and blue array of colors are woven in Andizhan Region. Their composition is made of the central field in a shape of longitudinal stripes and ornamenČtal edging. The rugs from Khiva are richly decorated with floral pattern, while women living in the Amudarya river flood plains weave patterns in the shape of stylized horns and amuČlets (toumor) on their carpets.
Source: Newspaper źUzbekistan travel news╗ - ź═ţÔţ˝˛Ŕ ˛ˇŔšýÓ ËšßňŕŔ˝˛ÓÝÓ╗.