Chemical industry is among basic industries of Uzbekistan which has been formed based on the needs of
intensifying agricultural production, through establishment of productions of mineral fertilizers.
Today, chemical industry of Uzbekistan is one of the basic segments of the countryís economy, which
lays the basis for its long-term and sustainable development. Itís exactly chemical industry that is large
supplier of raw materials, different materials and works almost to all industries, and seriously influences
scopes, directions and efficiency of their development.
The history of modern chemical industry of the Republic of Uzbekistan starts from the launch of Shursu
sulfur mine in 1932.
In 1940, the largest enterprise of chemical industry Chirchiq Electrochemical Combine (currently
Maxam-Chirchiq) starts to produce output.
In 1962, Farghona Plant of Nitrogen Fertilizers (currently FarghonaAzot) is launched.
In 1964, Navoi Chemical Combine (currently NavoiAzot) starts to produce output.
In 1969, Olmaliq Chemical Plant (currently Ammofos) was launched, and etc..
At present, the companies Maxam-Chirchiq, FarghonaAzot and NavoiAzot are producing nitrogen
fertilizers: ammonium nitrate, carbamide and ammonium sulfate. The companies Ammofos,
Samarqandkimyo and Quqon Superphosphate Plant are producing phosphorous-containing fertilizers,
ammophos, superphosphate, simple ammonized superphosphate, ammonium-sulfo-phosphate and
nitro-calcium-phosphate. Qyzylqum Phosphor Combine supplies raw materials to these productions.
JVElectrokhimzavod produces different types of plant protection chemicals.
The most chemical enterprises are in the structure of the State Joint-Stock Company Uzkimyosanoat
(holding company for chemical industry), which unites 12 large industrial enterprises, 13 regional
distribution entities, which sell chemical products to agricultural sector, design and scientific-research
institutions, transport-forwarding company.
Based on the type of production, the enterprises of the Company could be divided into the following
major production complexes:
- production of mineral fertilizers, inorganic chemicals and chemical agents for energy, gold-mining and
- production of organic chemicals, artificial fibers, polymer materials;
- production of plant protection chemicals;
- production of soda ash.
The enterprises of Uzkimyosanoat produce more than 250 types of chemicals.